Status: In addition to continuing the Border Area Development Programme (BADP), the government has launched the Vibrant Villages Programme (VVP) to meet the special development needs of 3000-odd border villages in Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and UT of Ladakh. Development of 650+ villages is being carried out on priority under the VVP. Additionally, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has built over 2300 km long highways in areas bordering China, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh in the first three years of its second tenure. i ii iii