Status: The government has launched the mission ‘National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy’ (NIPUN Bharat) to ensure every child in the country achieves foundational literacy and numeracy by Grade 2 by March 2027. The government has also launched the National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA) to improve the learning outcomes of students by annually training teachers and administrators at all levels of school education. Additionally, online courses are also offered through the DIKSHA platform to help teachers develop the skills. More than 47 lakh teachers have been directly benefitted through NISHTHA and DIKSHA courses. i ii iii iv v