Status: In its second tenure, the Modi government enacted the Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, and Bharatiya Sakshya bills to replace the Indian Penal Code, Criminal Penal Code and the Evidence Act respectively. The government also enacted the Meditation Bill in 2023 to facilitate mediation for the resolution of civil and commercial disputes and reduce the burden on the judiciary. Other key steps include the launch of the Justice app for efficient court management and the digitisation of court records. In the past five years, the judges’ strength has risen from 31 to 34 posts in the Supreme Court and 1079 to 1114 posts in the High Courts. i ii iii iv v